Hegykő as a world heritage, as a part of the Fertő-Hanság National Park, thanks to its famous salt containing therapeutic spa, its thermal bath and its beautiful surroundings is a beloved tourist destination.
Our settlement is popular among our guests arriving from abroad as well due to the vicinity of the Austrian border.
Fertő lake is a “steppe” lake. It was named after its shallow, muddy, still water. The size of the lake widely varied in the past, sometimes it flooded the complete neighbourhood, while sometimes it dried out completely. Its water is a sodium-magnesium-hydrogen carbonate containing saline water, and its salt content exceeds 1700 mg/l.
The water of the Fertő-lake is classified a mineral water, and therefore it is not by chance that several documents from the old times recorded the therapeutic effect of the Fertő lake. Visitors may bath in the water of Fertő lake at the Hungarian side in the open air bath of Fertőrákos, while the nearest Austrian open air bath is located at Illmitz.
The natural geographic unit of Fertő lake and its region evolved as a result of thousand years of interaction between nature and civilization. It has been representing a cultural unit for a long time. This cultural landscape – located within the territory of Hungary and Austria with Hegykő located in the centre of gravity of the Hungarian side – has been a part of the world heritage since 2001.
The world heritage protection covers the complete territory of the Fertő landscape of the Fertő-Hanság National Park , and the settlements of Balf, Fertőboz, Hidegség, Fertőhomok, Hegykő, Fertőszéplak, Fertőd, Sarród, including the Széchenyi-castle of Nagycenk and its neighbourhood as well.
The Fertő landscape was a Hungarian territory belonging to the county of Sopron and Moson starting from the 10th century up to the end of World War I. The present borders were established by the peace treaty of St. Germain that was signed in 1919.
The traces of history are reflected by the Hungarian names of the Austrian world heritage settlements as well: e.g. the free town of Rust, Mörbisch (Fertőmeggyes), Oggau (Oka), Donnerskirchen (Fertőfehéregyháza), Purbach (Feketeváros), Breitenbrunn (Fertőszéleskút), Winden am See (Sásony), Jois (Nyulas), Neusiedl am See (Nezsider), Weiden am See (Védeny), Podersdorf (Pátfalu), Illmitz (Ilmic), Apetlon (Mosonbánfalva).
The National Park of Fertő-lake was established in 1991. It was extended in 1994 with the Protection Landscape Region of Hanság (Fertő-Hanság National Park). The rich bird life is of outstanding significance as regards the fauna and flora of Fertő lake.
This park is one of the most significant water bird habitat of Central Europe both as regards the number of bird species living here, and the size of the population of the specific species. It is included in the list of significant bird habitats and it is a territory that is protected by the Ramsar Convention as well.